The National Science Centre (NCN) is a Polish government executive agency set up in 2011 to fund basic research. The primary task of the Centre is to support scientific excellence by means of a variety of funding programmes open to researchers at every stage of their research career. With a budget of over € 200 M a year NCN funds initiatives in Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, Life Sciences and Physical Sciences and Engineering in a form of research projects, scholarships for PhD students and post-doc internships. To ensure the highest quality of the research selected for funding, the Centre has adopted a two-stage, peer review-based procedure of proposal evaluation. Another important task of the Centre is to foster international cooperation in research and disseminate information on calls for proposals among researchers in Poland and abroad. The NCN also supports the progress of research projects and monitors the spending of the funding granted – through review and assessment of annual and final reports, as well as on-site visits to selected host institutions.